Not only do we keep you up to date, we like to polish our knowledge trophies every now and then and today, we’re talking about sex. We’re taking this out the bedroom though, for a real, honest, female take on contraceptives.
As it is, there are fifteen different types of contraceptives that aid in reducing the risk of pregnancy and the spreading of Sexually Transmitted Infections or Diseases (STDs/STIs). The most popular of these two are 1) The pill and 2) Male Condoms. Out of these fifteen, only 2 are applicable to males. The full list is:
- The Pill: which comes in two forms; a) Combined contraceptive poll which has oestrogen and progestin or the b) Mini pill which contains only progestin and requires to be taken daily at the same time. Various pills don’t actively prevent the spread of STIs and must be prescribed.
The Male Condom:
- The Male Condom is the most convenient and affordable form of contraception. They also offers the best protection against STIs. Cons of condoms include that you or your partner may be allergic to latex, they must be replaced often and if the allergy means the use of lambskin condoms, they don’t prevent the spread of STIs.
A Female Condom:
- The Female Condom is also easy to get. It’s 95% effective against pregnancy and generally good at preventing STIs. They’re also less expensive and less prone to bursting.
- The Diaphragm blocks sperm from entering the uterus as it’s placed in the vagina however it offers no STI protection. The diaphragm needs to be covered in spermicide before use, a prescription is needed, needs to be put in at least six hours before sex and removed in the following twenty four for cleaning. It’s also reusable.
- The FemCap AKA The Cervical cap is used the exact same way as the diaphragm, it’s simply smaller. The femcap is also far less likely to cause cystitis ( the infection of the bladder ) than the diagram because it touches the vagina less. It’s 92-95% protective against pregnancy although there’s no STI protection.
An Intrauterine Device:
- The Intrauterine device (IUD) also has two options; the hormonal or the copper IUD which last up to five-ten years. They’re 99% effective in preventing STIs. They can be used as an emergency form of contraceptive up to five days after sex. It’s inserted by a doctor and must be checked up on every now and then.
The Contraceptive implant:
- The contraceptive implant lasts three years and also doesn’t prevent the spread of STIs. Like the pill, the implant has progesterone that’s slowly released over the three year period. It’s inserted into the arm and removed after three years by a professional and is 99.99% effective against pregnancy.
- The Contraceptive Sponge is a sponge that has spermicide and is placed into the vagina. The sponge stays in the vagina 6 hours after sex but never over 24 hours. It doesn’t prevent the spread of STIs and it can be bought without a prescription from the pharmacy.
- Spermicide doesn’t prove very effectively when used alone in preventing pregnancy. It doesn’t prevent STIs and is easy to get.
- Contraceptive Injections are a shot of hormones that last 8-12 weeks and work similarly to the pill. The injections 99% effective and doesn’t prevent STIs.
- The Vaginal Ring lasts three weeks and is inserted into the vagina and replaced during periods. A prescription is needed and it doesn’t not prevent STIs.
The Contraceptive Patch:
- The contraceptive patch is essentially the pill in patch format. It prevents pregnancy and not STIs. A patch is worn for three week and then removed with a period and replaced. The risks include skin irritation and the patch falling off.
- Emergency Contraception to be used when the passion was a little too much. This comes in the form of a pill. Often also referred to as “the morning after pill.”
- Sterilisation is for both genders. For males it’s a vasectomy and for females is surgical and involves tying the Fallopian tubes.
The act of preventing the spread of STIs and babies is often left to the females. A responsibility that should be shared by both genders. John Amory has been credited with designing and trying to implement the worlds first male contraceptive pill, in order to share the responsibility that contraceptives bring.
We want to know – what are your opinions on contraceptive use? A select, good system or one that relies solely on the female most times in order to be effective? Let us know in the comments below!